Cyanobacteria biomass obtained from freshwater bodies is known to contain a large amount of fatty acids. Thus, the current need to produce large amount of lipids for different application has identified cyanobacteria as one of the important sources of fatty acids. However, the production of fatty acids and the characteristics of its composition is a function of nutrients. This paper therefore, reports on the efficient extraction procedures of fatty acids from cyanobacteria biomass using ionic liquid solvent and organic solvent under ultrasonic solid liquid extraction technique and the effect of the variation of iron concentration in the growth media on the fatty acids composition of cyanobacteria biomass. The determination of fatty acids composition was performed using gas chromatography coupled to a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (GCxGC-TOFMS). The obtained fatty acids composition was found to be dominated by tetradecanoic acid (C14:0), hexadecanoic acid (C16:0), 7-hexadecenoic acid (C16:1), pentadecanoic acid (C15:0), 6,9,12,15-octadecatetraenoic acid (C18:4), γ-6,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid (γ-C18:3), 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid (C18:3), 9,12-octadecadienoic acid (C18:2), 9-octadecenoic acid (C18:1) and octadecanoic acid (C18:0). Statistically it was proved that the ionic liquid extraction protocol and that of ultrasonic solid liquid extraction by organic solvent were not significantly different. It was also revealed that the total amount of fatty acids in cultured cyanobacteria increased with decrease in iron concentration in the growth medium.
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Citation: Kilulya KF, Bhekie B Mamba BB, Msagati TA (2015) Extraction Procedures and GCxGC-TOFMS Determination of Fatty Acids (FAs) in Cyanobacteria Cultures and the Effect of Growth Media Iron Concentration Variation on Cellular FAs Composition. J Environ Anal Toxicol S7:009. doi:10.4172/2161-0525.S7-009