Amylase is an important digestive enzyme required for the optimal growth and development of insects. They improve insect digestive capacity, help them to survive in diverse conditions and increase their fitness value. Due to their important biochemical role in insect growth and development, when the action of this enzyme is inhibited, insect nutrition is impaired, its growth and development is retarded and eventually death occurs due to starvation. α-Amylase inhibitors (AIs) occur as part of natural defense mechanisms against pests by interfering in their digestion process and thus could provide access to new pest management strategies. To be effective, an inhibitor should inhibit the insect enzyme substantially at low concentration and at the pH found in the insect gut.
Citation: Kaur R, Gupta AK (2015) Insect Amylase-Plant Amylase Inhibitor Interaction is Key to Success of Transgenics Against Insectherbivory. Biochem Anal Biochem 4: 201. doi:10.4172/2161-1009.1000201