alexa Immobilization of Selected Microbes

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Immobilization of Selected Microbes

Immobilization technique is a versatile and economical method that is used in industries. Advantages of immobilization include easy separation of the enzymes/cells from the product and reuse of the enzymes/cells. Further the favorable environment at support allows better colonizing and population increase in micro-organisms which in turn leads in better fermentation. The micro environment in the solid adsorbent protects the microorganisms from unfavorable conditions such as high alcohol concentration; low pH etc. Reuse of enzymes/cells makes the process economically more feasible with higher substrate conversion efficiencies. Immobilization can be carried out in several approaches such as physical adsorption, chemisorptions, entrapment, and cross linkages. In this study, physical adsorption was considered. Physical adsorption can be accomplished in two ways: non- specific adsorption and specific adsorption. Between them, non-specific adsorption is the simplest and easiest way of immobilization. Hence it is economically effective. Generally immobilization is carried out using synthetic resins or semi synthetic resins.

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