Breast cancer is the second most common form of cancer after skin cancer in women while ovarian cancer is less common and harder to detect. About 3% of breast cancers and 10 % of ovarian cancers result from inherited mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Risk factor varies depending upon the cancer cases with in the family members or related ones, closer the relation higher the risk. Knowing ones family history can help understanding the risk level of developing breast or ovarian cancer.
Brazil has 17,516 death cases due to breast cancer and 3,954 cases due to ovarian cancer which accounts for 1.62 % and 0.37 % of total deaths respectively.Abnormal vaginal bleeding, a lump that can be felt (palpable) in the pelvic or abdominal area, need to urinate often,intense need to urinate (urgency) constipation are the main symptoms.
Treatment may vary depending upon the stage and severity of the disease. Early diagnosis may only need chemotherapy or simple surgery, some cases may need series of treatments that include Radiation Therapy, Hormonal Therapy, Targeted gene Therapy.