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Castleman Disease

  • Castleman disease

    Castleman disease is a rare disorder that involves an overgrowth (proliferation) of cells in your body's disease-fighting network (lymphatic system). Also known as giant lymph node hyperplasia and angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia, Castleman disease can occur in a localized (unicentric) or widespread (multicentric) form.

  • Castleman disease

    Fever. Night sweats. Fatigue and weakness. Loss of appetite. Unintended weight loss. Enlarged lymph nodes, usually around the neck, collarbone, underarm and groin areas. Enlarged liver or spleen.

  • Castleman disease

    MCD patients (n = 59) were 61% male, mean age of 53 years (median = 55 years) and 68% Caucasian. Of those with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status (n = 41), 85% (n = 35) were negative, 15% (n = 6) were positive. Most frequent physician-reported symptoms (n = 33) were fatigue (49%, n = 16), fever (39%, n = 13), and night sweats (30%, n = 10). The estimated US 10-year prevalence was 2·4 per million. During first year of follow-up after study entry, the top two systemic therapies (n = 27) were monotherapies: prednisone (33%, n = 9) and rituximab (19%, n = 5). After a follow-up of 2 years, 92% of patients were alive. This study provides new information on MCD population demographics, treatment patterns, and medical utilization; a minimal US period prevalence rate is proposed.

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