Pathophysiology: Desmoid tumors are cytologically bland fibrous neoplasms originating from the musculoaponeurotic structures throughout the body. Desmoid tumors often appear as infiltrative, usually well-differentiated, firm overgrowths of fibrous tissue, and they are locally aggressive. The synonym aggressive fibromatosis describes the marked cellularity and aggressive local behavior.
Treatment: The primary treatment for desmoid tumor is primary surgery with negative surgical margins. In those patients who refuse surgery or are not surgical candidates, the treatment used is radiation therapy. Pharmacologic therapy with antiestrogens and prostaglandin inhibitors may also be used.
Major research: Desmoid tumor in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis: Desmoid tumors were found in 13.2% of cases of familial adenomatous polyposis following colectomy; therefore, familial adenomatous polyposis patients should be followed-up and surveillance should include abdominal examination to detect signs and symptoms.