Gingivitis refers to an inflammation of the gums. It is characterized by red swollen gums, bad breath which persists even after brushing, painful and bleeding gums.
Gingivitis severity is most likely related to age, lipid disorders and increase in body mass. Ulcerative gingivitis is accompanied by areas of ulceration and necrosis of the gums (necrosis). Risk factors associated with gingivitis are smoking, chewing tobacco, poor oral hygiene, medical conditions such as diabetes, decreased immunity, fungal infections and hormonal imbalance.
Treatment and Statistics
Gingivitis can be diagnosed by dentists by performing deep cleaning such as Scaling, root planning, antibiotic medications and surgical procedures such as flap surgery, bone and tissue grafts. It can be prevented by proper oral hygiene and balanced diet. The prevalence of gingivitis was 94.71% in Brazilian children of age about 15-19 years. Depending on the severity gingival index among age group of 15-19 years is about 16%.