A myocardial infraction or a heart attack is permanent damage to the heart muscle. It occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to heart muscle gets suddenly blocked by which the heart can’t get oxygen. Various symptoms include pain or discomfort in one or both the arms that spread to shoulders, upper back, neck or jaw, a general sense of anxiety, shortness of breath, stomach or abdominal pain, weakness and overwhelming fatigue, swelling of the ankles and lower legs, etc.
A heart attack is a medical emergency so should call the ambulance. If the causality is not allergic to aspirin and its easily available than give them a tablet ideally 300mg to slowly chew and swallow while waiting for the ambulance to arrive. The aspirin will help to reduce the risk of heart attack by thinning the blood. The two main treatments include: using medication to dissolve blood clots, surgery to restore blood to the heart.
As mortality and fertility rates decreased over the past 40 years, life expectancy in Brazil has increased from 52 to 73 years of age; the proportion of people living in urban settings has increased from 55% to 80%; and the percentage of Brazilians with higher education (≥ 10 years of formal schooling) has nearly doubled. As in other emerging economies, chronic conditions such cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes have emerged as the major causes of mortality in Brazil, accounting for 37% of deaths in the country. Improvements in health care quality and access over the past two decades have successfully contributed to the reduction of CVD mortality. This may reverse the decline in CVD mortality in the medium- to long-term. Understanding time trends and the current status of modifiable risk factors relevant to cardio-metabolic health may provide relevant information to inform strategies focused on disease prevention in Brazil.