Keratitis could be a condition during which the eye's tissue layer, the front a part of the attention, becomes inflamed. The condition is commonly marked by moderate to intense pain and requently involves any of the subsequent symptoms: pain, impaired sight, photophobia, red eye and a 'gritty' sensation.
From 1987 to 2006, a total of 581 requests for amoebic laboratory workup in cases of infectious keratitis were investigated. Statistical analyses were applied to analyze a tendency of AK cases. Acanthamoeba species were cultured from corneal scrapings of 185 patients, 5 of them with bilateral infection. Eighty-three percent of those patients were related with contact lens wear. Amoebic corneal infection can be considered as a new but well-established disease in Brazilian ophthalmology and visual sciences. Ongoing Research is being done at Keratitis Centers