Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), also known as mad cow disease, and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) are related disorders. They belong to the family of diseases known as the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs).
The World Animal Health Organization maintained Brazil's status as a country with an insignificant risk of BSE after it confirmed the atypical Parana case in tests carried out in England in 2012.
And two of these anti-prion compounds are drugs already used to treat other conditions in humans, meaning that clinical trials of them may soon be underway. The two drugs are trimipramine, an antidepressant, and fluphenazine, an antipsychotic.