Meniere's disease is a disorder that affects the inner ear. The inner ear contains tubes filled with fluid called labyrinths. The inner ear is responsible for your balance, as well as hearing.This disorder causesvertigo (a sensation of spinning), hearing problems, and a ringing sound in the ear. Meniere's disease usually affects only one ear.
Reasonable possibilities are obstruction of endolymphatic outflow at the endolymphatic duct level, increased production of endolymph, or reduced absorption of endolymph caused by a dysfunctional endolymphatic sac. A recent variant is to propose that hydrops is due to blockage of the reuniting duct, which is located at the bottom of the saccule.
Meniere disease can begin at any age but patients typically present with symptoms between the ages of 20 and 40. Meniere syndrome in children is most often associated with congenital malformations of the inner ear. One might reasonably conjecture that this duct could be blocked by dirigible otoconia.
The most conservative long-term treatment for Meniere's disease in the U.S. involves adhering to a reduced-sodium diet and using medication that helps control water retention. The goal of this treatment is to reduce inner-ear fluid pressure. Some physicians, more commonly outside of the U.S., also weigh the potential efficacy of using betahistine HCl (Serc) as a vestibular suppressant for Meniere's disease.
Major research on disease:
"Diseases and Conditions Meniere's disease by Mayo Clinic".This idea is somewhat more reasonable than the idea that it is due to blockage of the endolymphatic duct, as evidence suggests that endolymph does not flow towards the endolymphatic duct in any case.