Migraine is a neurological disease characterized by recurrent moderate to severe headaches often in association with a number of autonomic nervous system symptoms. Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. Migraine was the most common headache found among women (62.2%). Among men migraine was responsible for only 37.8% of the cases of headache. A high impact of headache was found, especially among migraineurs. Most of the headache sufferers declared to seek medical assistance for headache (67%) and most of them used to take common analgesics for headache relief. None of them was under prophylactic therapy.
The pain is generally made worse by physical activity. Migraines are believed to be due to a mixture of environmental and genetic factors. It is, however, believed to be a neurovascular disorder. This is the first study to assess the prevalence of headache and migraine among Pomeranian descendents in Brazil. A high prevalence of headache in the last 6 months was found (53.2%). Most headache sufferers were diagnosed as having migraine (55%). More women reported to have headache than men (65% and 33.8%, respectively).
There was no significant difference between the footballers and the community sample in the number of headaches ever; however, they did report more headaches in the three months before the survey--that is, during the competitive playing season. In the footballers, 22% of headaches conformed to the strict IHS definition of migraine headaches.