The skin has 2 main layers. The top layer, on the surface of the body, is called the epidermis. The dermis is below the epidermis. It has nerves, blood vessels, sweat glands, oil (sebaceous) glands and hair follicles. The epidermis is made up of 3 types of cells: Squamous cells, Basal cells, Melanocytes. According to data from the Ministry of Health, more than 7000 Brazilians had treatment or surgery for skin cancer within the public system in 2008. This number has more than doubled in 10 years, from 3000 in 1998, while the population increased only by about one fifth from 161 million to 190 million. For 2014, 182,000 new cases are expected, which corresponds to 25% of all malignant tumors registered in the country. Although more common, this type of cancer can be avoided in most cases. In addition, there are high chances of it being cured when diagnosed early.
Doctors and scientists are always looking for better ways to care for people with skin cancer. To make scientific advances, doctors create research studies involving volunteers, called clinical trials. In fact, every drug that is now approved by the FDA was previously tested in clinical trials. Descriptions of the most common treatment options for non-melanoma skin cancer are listed below. Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors, including the size and location of the skin cancer, possible side effects, and the patient’s preferences and overall health.Surgeries and other procedures for skin cancer include: Curettage and electrodessication,Mohs surgery, Freezing, Laser therapy, Grafting, Reconstructive surgery.