Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that affects multiple organs in the body, but mostly the lungs and lymph glands. In people with sarcoidosis, abnormal masses or nodules consisting of inflamed tissues form in certain organs of the body. These granulomas may alter the normal structure and possibly the function of the affected organs.
The symptoms of sarcoidosis can vary greatly, depending on which organs are involved. Most patients initially complain of a persistent dry cough, fatigue, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may includeTender reddish bumps or patches on the skin, Red and teary eyes or blurred vision, Swollen and painful joints, Enlarged and tender lymph glands in the neck, armpits, and groin, Enlarged lymph glands in the chest and around the lungs.
There is no cure for sarcoidosis, but the disease may get better on its own over time. The oral corticosteroid prednisone is the most commonly used treatment. Fatigue and persistent cough are usually improved with steroid treatment. Other treatment options include methotrexate(Otrexup, Rheumatrex), hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), and other drug