The spine, or backbone, helps hold the body upright. Without it, we wouldn't be able to balance, walk, or move properly. When someone has scoliosis, the spine curves from side to side. Sometimes this can cause problems. When scoliosis is suspected, weight-bearing full-spine AP/coronal and lateral/sagittal X-rays are taken to assess the scoliosis curves. Full-length standing spine X-rays are the standard method for evaluating the severity and progression of the scoliosis and whether it is congenital or idiopathic in nature.
Causes of scoliosis curves into two categories:
Structural scoliosis: is a fixed curve treated individually according to its cause. In some cases Structural scoliosis causes disease such as the inherited connective tissue disorder known as Marfan’s syndrome. In neuromuscular diseases, injury, infection, tumors, metabolic diseases, rheumatic diseases curve occurs on its own. Diagnosis:Nonstructural scoliosis: Also known as functional scoliosis, this involves a spine that is structurally normal yet appears curved.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 10,348,276 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 31,044.