Tonsil cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of your tonsils. Your tonsils are two oval-shaped pads in the back of your mouth that are part of your body's germ-fighting immune system. Tonsil cancer often causes difficulty swallowing and a sensation that something is caught in your throat. Tonsil cancer is often diagnosed late in the disease, when cancer has spread to nearby areas, such as the tongue and the lymph nodes.
The HPV prevalence in these series of cases of four laboratories of the city of Medellin, Colombia was 18.9%. HPV was found in 23.9%, 17.5% and 13.3% of oral cavity, larynx and oropharynx cases respectively. Twenty-seven and six samples were HPV 16 (15.4%) and HPV 18 (3.42%) respectively. Among HPV positive cases, 82% were HPV 16 and 18% HPV 18. No other HPV genotypes were identified. Treatment for tonsil cancer usually involves surgery to remove the cancer. In some cases radiation therapy and chemotherapy also are recommended. Further research is being conducted to determine the best surveillance interval to monitor these cysts.