Tuberculosis (TB) in the past also called phthisis, phthisis pulmonalis, or consumption, is a widespread, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
According to WHO statistics 2013, in Brazil the TB mortality is recorded 4,400 out of 110,000 prevalent cases. Mortality of HIV positive TB accounts for 2,100.
The recommended treatment of new-onset pulmonary tuberculosis is six months of a combination of antibiotics containing rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol for the first two months, and only rifampicin and isoniazid for the last four months.
To encourage further discovery, researchers and policymakers are promoting new economic models of vaccine development, including prizes, tax incentives, and advance market commitments.