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Vulvar cancer is a sporadic type of cancer which forms in a woman's external genitals, called the vulva. The cancer habitually grows slowly over several years. Firstly, precancerous cells grow on vulvar skin. This is called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), or dysplasia. Not all VIN cases turn into cancer, but it is best to treat it early. There are different types of vulvar cancer i.e Squamous cell carcinomas, Adenocarcinoma, Melanoma, Sarcoma, Basal cell carcinoma.
Disease Statistics: The mortality due to Vulvar cancer has increased from past few years in Brazil. It accounts 1.2% of all cancers in women. In Brazil, women have a 4.2 in 100,000 chance of developing vulvar cancer at some point during their life. The Instituto Nacional de Cãncerp estimates for vulvar cancer in the Brazil every year that:
• Approximately 2,150 cancers of the vulva will be diagnosed
Treatment: Depending on the nature and stage of the vulvar cancer, a person may need one type of treatment. The 3 main types of treatment used for patients with vulvar cancer are
• Surgery can be Laser surgery, Excision, Vulvectomy
• Radiation therapy
Research: Researcher at Instituto Nacional de Cãncer study for the ethical and safety reasons, experimental treatments must be tested in the laboratory before they can be tried in patients. Sentinel lymph node mapping, Ultrasound scan of the groin, HPV tests, HPV vaccines, Anti viral creams and gels for VIN, Photodynamic therapy.