Definition: Benign adrenal tumors are the noncancerous masses which are observed in the adrenal glands. There are two adrenal glands, each one located on top of each kidney.
Symptoms: Fat deposits behind the neck and shoulders, Weight gain, often around the chest and stomach, Purple stretch marks on the stomach, High blood pressure, Weakness.
Disease Status: Adrenal masses may be found incidentally when computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is done for other reasons. In a study of 61,054 abdominal CT scans performed from 1985 to 1990, an incidental adrenal tumor (incidentaloma >1 cm) was detected in 259 patients (0.4 percent of all CT scans).
Surgical removal of an adrenal gland, or adrenalectomy, is most commonly performed for a tumor located within the adrenal gland that is overproducing hormones.
Some patients may not be able to have their tumors treated surgically because of the way it is growing or if it is cancerous and has spread to other parts of the body. In these cases, the patient should work with their endocrinologist to determine the best course of treatment.