Dracunculiasis, also called guinea worm disease, is an infection by the guinea worm. A person becomes infected when they drink water that contains water fleas infected with guinea worm larvae.
Initially there are no symptoms. About one year later, the person develops a painful burning feeling as the female worm forms a blister in the skin, usually on the lower limb.
Treatment: This is nearly the same treatment that is noted in the famous ancient Egyptian medical text, the Ebers papyrus from 1550 BC. Some people have said that extracting a Guinea worm feels like the afflicted area is on fire. If the infection is identified before an ulcer forms, the worm can also be surgically removed by a trained doctor in a medical facility.