Edema is the medical term for swelling. It is a general response of the body to injury or inflammation.
This can cause shortness of breath with exercise or difficulty breathing at rest or when lying flat in bed. Lung congestion can also cause a dry, hacking cough or wheezing. Fluid and water retention. A weak heart pumps less blood to your kidneys and causes fluid and water retention, resulting in swollen ankles, legs, and abdomen (called edema) and weight gain. This can also cause an increased need to urinate during the night as your body attempts to get rid of this excess fluid. Bloating in your stomach may cause a loss of appetite or nausea.
Treatment: Common types of drugs used to treat heart failure include: • Aldosterone inhibitors • Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) • Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibitors (ARNIs) • Beta-blockers • Blood vessel dilators • Calcium channel blockers • Digoxin • Diuretics • Heart pump medication • Potassium or magnesium • Selective Sinus node inhibitors.