Epiglottitis is inflammation of the epiglottis. This is the tissue that covers the trachea (windpipe). Epiglottitis is a life-threatening disease. Epiglottitis begins with a high fever and sore throat.
symptoms may include: Abnormal breathing sounds (stridor) Fever Blue skin color (cyanosis) Drooling Difficulty breathing (patient may need to sit upright and lean slightly forward to breathe) Difficulty swallowing Voice changes (hoarseness) The airways can become totally blocked, which can result in cardiac arrest and death
Treatment involves methods to help the person breathe, including: Breathing tube (intubation) • Moistened (humidified) oxygen Other treatments may include: • Antibiotics to treat the infection • Anti-inflammatory medicines, called corticosteroids, to decrease throat swelling • Fluids given through a vein.