Pathophysiology: A herniated disk refers to a problem with one of the rubbery cushions (disks) between the individual bones (vertebrae) that stack up to make your spine. A spinal disk is a little like a jelly donut, with a softer centre encased within a tougher exterior. Sometimes called a slipped disk or a ruptured disk, a herniated disk occurs when some of the softer "jelly" pushes out through a crack in the tougher exterior.
Treatment: Over-the-counter pain medications, If your pain is mild to moderate, your doctor may tell you to take an over-the-counter pain medication, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen (Aleve, others). And drugs like narcotics, such as codeine or an oxycodone-acetaminophen combination (Percocet, Oxycontin, others), for a short time. Sedation, nausea, confusion and constipation are possible side effects from these drugs.
Statistics: The detailed information about occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities from private industry. Results of the 2013 survey revealed 1,162,210 nonfatal cases involving days away from work (109.4 cases per 10,000 workers), down from 2012 in which 1,181,290 total cases (117.3 per 10,000 workers) were reported. These cases included MSDs. The U.S. Department of Labour defines an MSD as an injury or disorder of the muscles, nerves, tendons, joints, cartilage, and spinal discs. MSDs do not include disorders caused by slips, trips, falls, motor vehicle accidents, or similar accidents.