Intracranial hematomas are accumulations of blood within the brain or between the brain and the skull. An intracranial hematoma may occur because the fluid that surrounds your brain can't absorb the force of a sudden blow or a quick stop. The cause of intracranial bleeding (hemorrhage) usually is a head injury, often resulting from automobile, motorcycle or bicycle accidents, falls, assaults, and sports injuries.
Blood-thinning medication, such as warfarin used but the treatment may need supportive therapy to reverse the effects of the medication and reduce the risk of further bleeding. Options for reversing blood thinners include administering vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. Hematoma treatment often requires surgery. Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in Canada, accounting for approximately 14,000 deaths annually1 and is a significant source of morbidity. Stroke can be classified into ischemic and hemorrhagic, with the former representing the vast majority of cases (87%). In 2000, stroke accounted for 7% of all deaths in Canada. Generally, ICH accounts for ~10% of all strokes and is associated with a 50% case fatality rate.