In Canada The age ranged from 5 to 75 years old with most patients being in the 5th and 6th decade. Male to female ratio is 2.5:1. Most cases are developed sporadically (50%), 31% arise from a malignant transformation of schwannoma and 19% from a neurofibroma.Imaging findings were not specific. The cranial nerve VIII is the most involved (15/32), followed by the Vth (10/32) and the VIIth (5/32). 4 cases had neurofibromatosis type 1 and 2 had neurofibromatosis type 2. MPNST will strongly express protein S-100 and collagen IV-laminin.
13 cases were treated with radiotherapy for tumor recurrence and metastasis. In these cases the survival rate was better than the cases without radiotherapy. Fatal outcome occurred in 66% of patients whereas 19% were reported alive with or without complications. The seven cases reported to have metastasis were entirely to the spine. The mean time of recurrence or metastasis is 12.2 months.