Mononucleosis is a disease caused by the pathogen Epstein-Barr (EBV). Epstein-Barr is a member of the herpes virus family and one of the most common human viruses. The virus occurs worldwide, and most people become infected with EBV sometime during their lives. In the United States 95% of adults between 35 and 40 years of age have been infected.
The Epstein-Barr virus is one in which almost our entire population has been exposed. Current research shows that by age 30 over 97% of Americans test positive to the Epstein-Barr virus. Of all viruses, Epstein-Barr is the most common virus residing in the human bloodstream. The Epstein-Barr virus is also commonly known as mononucleosis or mono. Symptoms can include sore throat, headache, fatigue, chills, lack of appetite, rash, enlarged or swollen lymph glands.
Further understand how serious mononucleosis is consider some serious statistics. In 2005 they found that E.B.V affects 98% of the world’s population. Also about 1 in 2000 people die a year from Mono. About 1 in 20 children with mono also have strep throat at the same time. 50% of people that have mono will have a swollen spleen or some will have a enlarged liver.