A muscle cramp is also known as charley horse. It is a strong, painful contraction of legs or that comes on suddenly and lasts from a few seconds. It often occurs in the legs. The causes of muscle cramps are because of decreased amounts of minerals like calcium and magnesium, especially in the later months of pregnancy and Exposure to cold temperatures. Quinine is very effective in preventing muscle cramps.
Two hundred and twenty-five participants were enrolled (28.0% female). Sixty-three percent of patients experienced cramps, occurring on average 6 times per week, lasting 10.5 min and scoring 6 out of 10 on a pain scale and described as disabling by 43.6% of patients. No significant difference was found in cramp prevalence according to underlying pathophysiology (p = 0.52) or fiber type (p = 0.41). Patients with disabling cramps rated their physical (p < 0.0001) and mental (p = 0.04) quality of life lower than patients without disabling cramps.