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Narcolepsy

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  • Narcolepsy

    Pathophysiology
    Narcolepsy is a rare, long-term brain disorder that causes a person to suddenly fall asleep at inappropriate times.The brain is unable to regulate sleeping and waking patterns normally, which can result in: 1.excessive daytime sleepiness – feeling very drowsy throughout the day, and having difficulty concentrating and staying awake 2.sleep attacks – falling asleep suddenly and without warning cataplexy– temporary loss of muscle control,  3.sleep paralysis.

  • Narcolepsy

    Statistics
    Patients were much more likely than controls to be diagnosed with mental disorders (Odds ratio (OR) = 4.0645; 95% confidence limit (CL) = 2.4671-6.6962; p<0.0001) and nervous system disorders (OR= 5.0495; CL = 3.0606 -8.3309; p<0.0001) and there was a trend towards more injuries in these patients (OR =1.6316; CL = 0.9857-2.7007; p=0.0514).

  • Narcolepsy

    Treatment
    Good sleeping habits: avoiding caffeine (found in tea, coffee and some fizzy drinks), alcohol and smoking before going to bed Some over-the-counter (OTC) medications Medication: Stimulants, Sodium oxybate, Antidepressants. Psychostimulants are more widely prescribed by psychiatrists than indicated in earlier studies and in recommendations for treatment.

 

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