Pulmonary embolism is a sudden blockage in a lung artery. Blockage usually is caused by a blood clot that travels to the lung from a vein in the leg. Because pulmonary embolism almost always occurs in conjunction with deep vein thrombosis, most doctors refer to the two conditions together as venous thromboembolism. Pulmonary embolism can be life-threatening, but prompt treatment can greatly reduce the risk of death.
In Canada, the analysis on pulmonary embolism got the result as of the 2,407 articles identified, 5 met the inclusion criteria (sample size, 550 patients). Overall, the prevalence of PE was 19.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.7 to 33.0%; p = 0.014). In hospitalized patients, the prevalence was higher at 24.7% (95% CI, 17.9 to 31.4%; p = 0.001) than those who were evaluated in the emergency department (3.3%). Presenting symptoms and signs were similar between patients who did and did not have PE.