Stress incontinence is the unintentional or uncontrollable leakage of urine. It is a serious and embarrassing disorder, which can lead to social isolation. Stress incontinence typically occurs when certain kinds of physical movement puts pressure on your bladder. Laughing, sneezing, coughing, jumping, vigorous exercise, and heavy lifting can all cause stress incontinence. Any pressure placed on the abdomen and bladder can lead to the loss of urine. It’s important to remember that the term “stress” is used in a strictly physical sense when describing stress incontinence. Emotional stress is not a factor in this type of urinary disorder. The “stress” refers to excessive pressure on the bladder. Both men and women can have episodes of stress incontinence. However, according to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC), women are twice as likely as men to suffer from involuntary leakage (NKUDIC).
In Canada before 2005, large outbreaks of pneumococcal disease, including invasive pneumococcal disease caused by serotype 5, were rare. Since then, an epidemic of serotype 5 invasive pneumococcal disease was reported: 52 cases during 2005, 393 during 2006, 457 during 2007, 104 during 2008, and 42 during in 2009. Of these 1,048 cases, 1,043 (99.5%) occurred in the western provinces of Canada. Median patient age was 41 years, and most (659 [59.3%]) patients were male. Most frequently representing serotype 5 cases (compared with a subset of persons with non–serotype 5 cases) were persons who were of First Nations heritage or homeless.
Let your doctor know if you have a hard time learning Kegel exercises. According to the National Institutes of Health, you might be a candidate for biofeedback therapy instead. (NIH) Biofeedback therapy is a treatment which uses instruments to help you to recognize the stimuli which lead to certain responses in your body and to modify them. In the treatment of urinary incontinence these instruments measure the contraction of the muscles in your bladder. Electrical stimulation is a treatment that sends a mild electrical current to the pelvic floor muscles. The current makes the muscles contract, mimicking a Kegel exercise.