Due to human body is composed by irregular forms and structures; Euclidean geometry is not enough for its characterization, presenting many limitations. On the contrary, fractal geometry has allowed dealing with the study of human body not only at structural, but at physiological level. The measure obtained by the study of natural and abstract objects through fractal geometry is called fractal dimension, and represents the irregularity grade of such object. There are different methods for fractal dimension calculation: abstract fractals as Sierpinski triangle, are properly characterized by the Hausdorff dimension; wild fractals, in which parts are superimposed, are measured by Box Counting method; statistical fractals allow to characterize hyperbolic distributions by Zipf-Mandelbrot law.
Last date updated on January, 2021