Anxiety is a normal human emotion due to which many people feel anxious, or nervous, when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision. For people with anxiety disorders, worry and fear are constant and overwhelming, and can be crippling. There are several types of anxiety disorders including panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and generalized anxiety disorder. The exact cause of anxiety disorders is unknown; but anxiety disorders like other forms of mental illness are not the result of personal weakness, a character flaw, or poor upbringing.
Symptoms vary depending on the type of anxiety disorder, but general symptoms include Feelings of panic, fear, and uneasiness, Problems sleeping, Cold or sweaty hands and/or feet, Shortness of breath, An inability to be still and calm.The pathophysiology for anxiety is not clearly understood, but some of the causes for anxiety may be abnormal responses to stress, multiple neurotransmitter involvement, neurohormone alterations, sleep disturbances, and chromosomal and genetic factors.
Three main types of treatments for anxiety include, Self-treatment for anxiety: By learning to manage stress in your life and commit to taking time away from study or work. Learn to replace "negative self-talk" with "coping self-talk." Meditate and exercise. Counseling: psychological counseling is a standard method of treating anxiety. This can includecognitive-behavioral therapy
, psychotherapy, or a combination of therapies. Medicines: Different medicines for treating anxiety such as antidepressants, benzodiazepines, tricyclics, and beta-blockers are used to control some of the physical and mental symptoms.