Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity(over-activity).Scientists are not sure what causes ADHD, although many studies suggest that genes play a large role. Like many other illnesses, ADHD probably results from a combination of factors.
The prevalence rates for three of the studies lie within the range 9.1-12%. The one study involving less than 100 children reported a higher prevalence (18%) when teacher reports were used to determine the diagnosis, but gave a lower value (8%) when parent ratings were used . Of note, the study of King and Young only involved boys; the prevalence rate of 12% at the upper end of the range for these studies is consistent with the accepted observation that ADDH/ ADHD is more prevalent in males than females.
When their child is diagnosed with ADHD, parents often have concerns about deciding the best way to help their child. It is important for parents to remember that ADHD can be successfully managed.so parents should work closely with everyone involved in the child's life—healthcare providers, therapists, teachers, coaches, and other family members. Taking advantage of all the resources available will help parents guide their child towards success.Behavior therapy, including parent training,Medications,School accommodations and interventions.