BPPV is a mechanical problem in the inner ear. It occurs when some of the calcium carbonate crystals (otoconia) that are normally embedded in gel in the utricle become dislodged and migrate into one or more of the 3 fluid-filled semicircular canals, where they are not supposed to be.
The signs and symptoms: Dizziness, A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo), A loss of balance or unsteadiness, Nausea, Vomiting. May treat you with a series of movements known as the canalith repositioning procedure, Surgical treatment.
A cohort of 88 newly admitted patients, who complained of dizziness or complained of having had dizziness in the 2 weeks prior to admission from September 2005 to February 2006.Five patients had benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, all with the posterior type. The frequency of its occurrence among patients complaining of dizziness was 6% (95% confidence interval, 1-11%).
Treatment options include watchful waiting, vestibulosuppressant medication, vestibular rehabilitation, canalith repositioning, and surgery.