Pathophysiology: A dissociative disorder is a mental health condition that alters a person's sense of reality. This Disorder experiences feeling of being disconnected from self or from the world can be extremely distressing, significantly affecting work and personal life.
Symptoms: Depression, mood swings, suicidal thoughts or attempts, sleep disorders (insomnia, night terrors, and sleep walking), panic attacks and phobias (flashbacks, reactions to reminders of the trauma), alcohol and drug abuse, compulsions and rituals, psychotic-like symptoms, and eating disorders.
Treatment: Psychotherapy, counseling, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and there is no medication to specifically treat dissociation.
Major Research:Effective emotion regulation strategies improve fMRI and ECG markers of psychopathology in panic disorder: implications for psychological treatment action.