Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. Symptoms: • Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) • Weight loss without trying • Chest pain, pressure or burning • Worsening indigestion or heartburn • Coughing or hoarseness.
Treatment: Surgery to remove very small tumors or Surgery to remove a portion of the esophagus (esophagectomy) or Surgery to remove part of your esophagus and the upper portion of your stomach (esophagogastrectomy). Targeted radiation for esophageal cancer therapy reduces toxicity without increasing recurrence. Oesophageal cancer is relatively common in our locality. It was the eighteenth commonest cancer in Hong Kong (China), accounting for 1.4% of all new cancer cases in 2012.
New cases: There were 400 new cases of oesophageal cancer in 2012, with 328 cases of males and 72 cases of females. The disease is more common among male population and the male to female ratio is about 4.6 to 1. The crude incidence rates were 9.9 for male and 1.9 for female per 100000 population of respective sex. The age-standardised incidence rates were 5.8 for male and 1.1 for female per 100000 standard population. In the past two decades, the age-standardised incidence rate for both sexes had a downward trend.