A myocardial infraction or a heart attack is permanent damage to the heart muscle. It occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to heart muscle gets suddenly blocked by which the heart can’t get oxygen. Various symptoms include pain or discomfort in one or both the arms that spread to shoulders, upper back, neck or jaw, a general sense of anxiety, shortness of breath, stomach or abdominal pain, weakness and overwhelming fatigue, swelling of the ankles and lower legs, etc.
A heart attack is a medical emergency so should call the ambulance. If the causality is not allergic to aspirin and its easily available than give them a tablet ideally 300mg to slowly chew and swallow while waiting for the ambulance to arrive. The aspirin will help to reduce the risk of heart attack by thinning the blood. The two main treatments include: using medication to dissolve blood clots, surgery to restore blood to the heart.
In the last 30 years, the rapid development of economy and medical science in China has led to a drastic improvement in public health; the average life span has been extended steadily and significantly year after year. In contrast, cardiovascular relevant morbidity and mortality in Chinese population rose quickly; in particular, the age of patients is becoming younger. It is estimated in the “Report on Cardiovascular Disease in China, 2011” that there are about 230 million patients with CVD, including 200 million patients with hypertension, 7 million patients with stroke, 2 million patients with myocardial infarction, and 4.2 million patients with heart failure.