Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves chronic inflammation of all or part of your digestive tract. IBD primarily includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.Severe diarrhea, pain, fatigue and weight loss. IBD can be debilitating and sometimes leads to life-threatening complications.
Doctors use one of two approaches to treatment: "step-up," which starts with milder drugs first, versus "top-down," which gives people stronger drugs earlier in the treatment process.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an increasingly important cause of gastrointestinal pathology in children. Approximately 25% of IBDs present before the patient is 20 years of age. Accurate diagnosis and differentiation between Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) is important in planning treatment strategies, particularly in children. Endoscopy, which allows direct visualization of gastrointestinal mucosa and biopsy of multiple sites, is an integral part of this diagnostic process. Although no endoscopic lesion is pathognomonic of IBD, certain features are highly suggestive of either CD or UC. In this article, we review and attempt to correlate endoscopic and histologic findings in IBD that have particular emphasis on the pediatric population.
In a population-based retrospective cohort study of 136,178 individuals with asthma and 143,904 individuals with COPD, Brassard and colleagues found a significantly increased incidence of IBD. The average incidences of CD and UC in asthma patients were 23.1 and 8.8/100,000 person-years, respectively.