Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted through tick bites. The infection resulting from these bites causes swelling, joint pain, rash, and flu-like symptoms. The disease can affect the nervous system, as well, causing headaches, dizziness, and other symptoms.
A recent survey of eight local laboratories revealed that clinicians ordered the test for Lyme disease less than once per year per laboratory. It is not surprising that, although Lyme disease is such a worldwide illness, previously there has not been one single case officially reported in Hong Kong.
Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics. Recovery is usually rapid and complete, although some symptoms may recur or persist if the diagnosis is made at a later stage of the disease. It is important to follow your treatment plan for Lyme disease precisely and to take all of the antibiotics as instructed by your health care provider to avoid reinfection or recurrence.
since August 1992, a survey of seroprevalence has been conducted in patients with a clinical diagnosis of arthritis. Blood samples of patients with a clinical diagnosis of arthrtis were collected from ten different clinical laboratories in Hong Kong. Whole blood specimens were centrifuged to obtain sera for assay by indirect immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) titre to Borrelia urgdorferi (Lymespot IF,Ref. 75941 Bio Merieux, France); to rheumatoid factor by agglutination of IgG coated latex particles (RA80, Eiken Chemical, Japan); and for antibodies against Treponema pallidum byhaemaglutination asay (TPHA, Fujirebio Inc.,