Six patients had familial MEN1 syndrome and six had apparently sporadic disease. Nine different germ-line mutations at the MEN1 gene were identified, including three novel mutations [248-249delTT in exon 2, K559X(AAG --> TAG) in exon 10 and IVS 2nt + 2(G --> T) in intron 2]. All patients with familial MEN1 syndrome were heterozygous carriers of a germ-line mutation and MEN1-related disorders were only evident in their first-degree relatives who also carried the mutation. All patients with an enteropancreatic lesion were mutation carriers and the absence of mutation in three apparently sporadic MEN1 patients with only hyperparathyroidism and pituitary microadenoma might represent the presence of MEN1 phenocopy.
Multiple endocrine neoplasia(MEN-1) is also known as Wermer's syndrome. MEN-1 is a hereditory disorder .This type of hereditory disosorder generally passed from one generation to next generation. It affects the hormone producing glands.This disorder increases the development of tumors like cancerous and non cancerous tumors in glands.Non cancerous tumors may develop in parathyroid glands,Neuroendocrine system,anterior pituitory glands and skin. The symptoms are tiredness, bone pain, fractures and kidney stones, as well as stomach or intestinal ulcers.