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Myelofibrosis

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  • Myelofibrosis


    Myelofibrosis
     is a serious bone marrow disorder that disrupts your body's normal production of blood cells. The result is extensive scarring in your bone marrow, leading to severe anemia, weakness, fatigue, and often, an enlarged spleen and liver. Myelofibrosis is an uncommon type of chronic leukemia — a cancer that affects the blood-forming tissues in the body. Myelofibrosis belongs to a group of diseases called myeloproliferative disorders.

     

  • Myelofibrosis

    Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are a group of haematological malignancies that can be characterised by a somatic mutation (JAK2V617F). This mutation causes the bone marrow to produce excessive blood cells and is found in polycythaemia vera (~95%), essential thrombocythaemia and primary myelofibrosis (both ~50%). It is considered as a major genetic factor contributing to the development of these MPNs. No genetic association study of MPN in the Hong Kong population has so far been reported.

  • Myelofibrosis

    In the past, the treatment of myelofibrosis has depended on the symptoms and degree of the low blood counts. A long-term remission is possible for some patients with bone marrow transplantation. Such treatment should be considered for younger patients and some others. Other treatment may involve:Blood transfusions and medicines to correct anemia, Radiation and chemotherapy, Medicines to target a genetic mutation, Splenectomy if swelling causes symptoms, or to help with anemia.

 

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