Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone. It is the most common reason for a broken bone among people who are old.Bones that commonly break include the back bones, the bones of the forearm, and the hip.Until a broken bone occurs there are typically no symptoms. Bones may weaken to such a degree that a break may occur with minor stress or spontaneously. Chronic pain and a decreased ability to carry out normal activities may occur following a broken bone.
Secular trends on hip fracture from Hong Kong suggest that over the last three decades the age specific incidence increased 2.5 fold in women and 1.7-fold in men. The incidence rates were found to be similar to those seen in Wessex Health region of UK.In Beijing, China hip fracture incidence was obtained from admissions between 1988 and 1992 within the 76 city hospitals. It was presumed that all the fracture cases from Beijing go to these public hospitals only. Treatment for osteoporosis will depend upon the results of bone density scans, age, gender, medical history and the severity of the condition. Treatment most commonly involves lifestyle changes and medications and aims to maximise bone density and reduce the risk of bone fracture