Several biologic theories are postulated for the pathogenesis of phobic disorders, most focusing on the dysregulation of endogenous biogenic amines. Sympathetic nervous system activation is common in phobic disorders, resulting in elevations in heart rate and blood pressure, as well as symptoms such as tremor, palpitations, sweating, dyspnea, dizziness, and paresthesias.
In order to treat a phobia effectively, there are two elements: Exposure to the feared situation/object and dealing with the frightening thoughts that are associated with the anxiety.
Many researchers are carrying out procedure to curb this problem.
Around 5 million subjects are facing problem with phobias.