Rabies is a viral infection caused by viruses belonging to the Lyssavirus genus. Rabies vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent from rabies. There are numerous vaccines available in the market. These vaccines are used after the dog bite. It is recommended that those who are at high risk of exposure be vaccinated before potential exposure. Vaccines are effective in humans and other animals. Vaccinating dogs is very effective in preventing the spread of rabies to humans.
In china, mostly it is like complete pre-exposure series consists of three doses of vaccine injected into the deltoid muscle on days 0, 7, and 21 or 28. The vaccines used for pre-exposure and post-exposure vaccination are the same, but the immunization pattern is different. Even when pre-exposure vaccine has been received, urgent medical advice should be sought after any animal or bat bite.
Potential risk factor is high in china with 22,527 human rabies cases from January 1990 to July 2007. Almost all cases in rural areas (93.3%) rather than urban areas (6.7%) and are common in males than females (2.3:1). The range of ages was from 2 months to 99 years old (median 23.5 years) with the majority of cases occurring between the range of 0–14 year (s) (19.7%) and 30–74 years (81.8%).