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Sinusitus Definition: Sinusitis is an inflammation, or swelling, of the tissue lining the sinuses. Normally, sinuses are filled with air, but when sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid, germs (bacteria, viruses, and fungi) can grow and cause an infection.
Symptoms As the discharge from your sinuses drains down the back of your throat, it can cause plenty of irritation, especially over a long period of time. This can lead to a persistent and annoying cough. A sinus cough is particularly aggravating because it tends to be worse at night, making sleeping difficult. Sitting upright to sleep can help reduce the frequency and intensity of your coughing.
Treatment Take over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen to relieve a high temperature and pain – check the leaflet that comes with your medication first to check it's suitable, and never give aspirin to children under 16 years of age. Use over-the-counter decongestant nasal sprays or drops to help unblock your nose and allow you to breathe more easily – these shouldn't be used for more than a week at a time. Apply warm packs to your face to soothe your pain and help mucus drain from your sinuses. Regularly clean the inside of your nose with a salt water solution to help unblock your nose and reduce nasal discharge.