Disease Defination: Social anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder in which a person has an excessive and unreasonable fear of social situations. Intense nervousness and self-consciousness arise from a fear of being closely watched, judged, and criticized by others. Social anxiety disorder also called social phobia. People with social anxiety disorder suffer from distorted thinking, including false beliefs about social situations and the negative opinions of others. Without treatment, social anxiety disorder can negatively interfere with the person's normal daily routine, including school, work, social activities and relationships etc...
Disease Symptoms: Intense anxiety in social situations, Avoidance of social situations and anxiety (including confusion), pounding heart, sweating, shaking, blushing, muscle tension, upset stomach, and diarrhea. Children with this disorder may express their anxiety by crying, clinging to a parent, or throwing a tantrum.
Physical Treatment: Challenge negative thoughts, learn to control your breath, Face your fears and Build better relationships and Change your lifestyle.
Medication: Beta blockers – Beta blockers are used for relieving performance anxiety. They work by blocking the flow of adrenaline that occurs when you’re anxious. While beta blockers don’t affect the emotional symptoms of anxiety, they can control physical symptoms such as shaking hands or voice, sweating, and rapid heartbeat. Antidepressants – Antidepressants can be helpful when social anxiety disorder is severe and debilitating. Three specific antidepressants—Paxil, Effexor, and Zoloft—have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of social phobia. Benzodiazepines – Benzodiazepines are fast-acting anti-anxiety medications. However, they are sedating and addictive, so they are typically prescribed only when other medications for social phobia have not worked.
"The Head of the Department of Psychiatry at New Delhi’s G B Pant Hospital R C Jiloha notes that an estimated 1-2 per cent of India’s 100-crore plus population are afflicted with serious mental disorders and about 5 per cent of the population from minor depressive disorders, and for two crore (20 million) Indians with mental illnesses, there are only 3,500 psychiatrists and 1,500 psychiatric nurses. Mental health professionals—India has only around 5,000—especially in urban areas, are treating more and more such cases of anxiety-related disorders and even depression. “A number of studies have shown that nearly 20-25 per cent of patients attending primary care settings suffer from depression and anxiety disorders. In an analysis of 10 Indian studies on psychiatric morbidity, concluded that prevalence rates for anxiety neurosis and hysteria were 18.5 and 4.1 per 1000 population respectively. The typical age of onset of social anxiety disorder is 12 to 19. - 77% people under stress say anxiety or disorders such as insomnia or depression hamper their romantic relationships. - 58% are embarassed to acknowledge that they are depressed. - 35% people sufferin g from social anxiety disorder say they avoid intimacy with partners."