Occupational stress has been a long-standing concern of the health care industry. Studies indicate that health care workers have higher rates of substance abuse and suicide than other professions and elevated rates of depression and anxiety linked to job stress. In addition to psychological distress, other outcomes of job stress include burnout, absenteeism, employee intent to leave, reduced patient satisfaction, and diagnosis and treatment errors.
Beliefs about whether the institution provides high quality care may influence the perceived stress of job pressures and workload because higher quality care maybe reflected in greater support and availability of resources. The number of in-patient discharges and deaths due to pneumonia continued to rise gradually in recent years. In 2013, 55,010 in-patient discharges and deaths were related to pneumonia, accounting for 2.8% of all in-patient discharges and deaths. Pneumonia was the second leading cause of death in 2013. An increasing trend was observed in the number of deaths and death rate since 2002. In 2013, the number of deaths were 6,830, accounting for 15.7% of all registered deaths.
As a general rule, actions to reduce job stress should give top priority to organizational changes that improve working conditions. But even the most conscientious efforts to improve working conditions are unlikely to eliminate stress completely for all workers. For this reason, a combination of organizational change and stress management is often the most successful approach for reducing stress at work. Organizational Change Intervention, Team process, Multidisciplinary health care teams, Multicomponent interventions, Stress Management Intervention. Major Research is been done in Germany by The Chinese Institute of Hong Kong- Department of Microbiology.