Cancer of the tonsil is one of the head and neck cancers. It develops in the part of the throat just behind your mouth, called the oropharynx (pronounced oar-o-far-rinks). The main risk factors for developing this type of cancer are smoking and regularly drinking a lot of alcohol. If you smoke and drink a lot together, you increase your risk even further. Oral cavity cancer (C00-C08) is the 15th most common cancer worldwide, with more than 300,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012 (2% of the total). More than 142,000 cases of other pharyngeal cancer (C09-C10 and C12-C14) were diagnosed worldwide in 2012, accounting for 1% of total cancer cases.
The cancer treatment options available in non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are radiotherapy andchemotherapy. If the cancerous tumor is highly localised to the tonsils or head and neck region, then the tonsil cancer treatment of choice is radiotherapy and is very effective. More advanced tonsil cancer will require systemic cancer treatment with chemotherapy, but may also include radiotherapy as part of the cancer treatment regime. New techniques introduced to reduce complications, making Tonsil cancer a safer operation for more people than ever before. Further research is being conducted to determine the best surveillance interval to monitor these cysts.