Tourette syndrome is a hereditary, neurological disorder that starts in childhood and involves involuntary repetitive movements or unwanted sounds called tics. Signs and symptoms of Tourette syndrome typically show up between ages 2 and 12, with the average being around 7 years of age. The exact cause is unknown. Tourette's is normally associated with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It is estimated that 1-10 per 1,000 children have Tourette syndrome. Males are about three to four times more likely than females to develop Tourette syndrome.
Although there's no cure, many people with Tourette syndrome don't need treatment when symptoms aren't troublesome. Symptoms of Tourette syndrome often lessen or become quiet and controlled after the teen years. Psychotherapy, Behavioral Therapy and Deep Brain Stimulation are sufficient for mild symptoms. Drugs like clonidine, haloperidol, pimozide, dextroamphetamine, fluoxetine are used to releive severe symptoms. Traditional Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture have shown provide relief for many patients suffering from Tourette's. Research is being done to know the genetic cause of the disease.