Inflammatory bowel disease causes chronic inflammation of all or part of the digestive tract. Inflammatory bowel disease includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. This disease can be painful and sometimes leads to life-threatening complications. In ulcerative colitis the inflammation occurs in the large intestine and colon. In ulcerative colitis, the inner lining of the large intestine becomes inflamed and develops ulcers which are open and painful. It can cause frequent diarrhea. Mucus and blood appear in the stool if the lining of the colon is damaged. Crohn disease affects the entire digestive system. Crohn's disease causes inflammation that extends much deeper into the layers of the intestinal wall and involves the entire bowel wall and mainly affect small intestine than large intestine whereas ulcerative colitis affects only the lining of the bowel.
The main symptoms of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are same. The common symptoms include- abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, extreme tiredness and weight loss. The exact cause of inflammatory bowel disease is still unclear but it is thought that certain factors may play a key role in cause the disease which is genetics or disruption of immune system. Till now there is no cure for this disease and the treatment given involves only the patient relieving form the symptoms and stop them from returning. So the treatment involves aminosalicylates and immunosuppressants and corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.
Last date updated on May, 2021